Larnaca

Larnaca

Things to do - general

Larnaca (Greek: Λάρνακα [ˈlarnaka]; Turkish: Larnaka or İskele) is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and the capital of the eponymous district. It is the third-largest city in the country, after Nicosia and Limassol, with a metro population of 144,200 in 2015.

Larnaca is known for its palm-tree seafront, the Church of Saint Lazarus, Hala Sultan Tekke, Kamares Aqueduct, and Larnaca Castle. It is built on the ruins of ancient Citium, which was the birthplace of Stoic philosopher Zeno. Larnaca is home to the country’s primary airport, Larnaca International Airport. It also has a seaport and a marina.

CountryCyprus
Languages spokenEnglish, Greek
Currency usedEuro

Culture and history info

History

The former city-kingdom of Kition was originally established in the 13th century BC. New cultural elements appearing between 1200 BC and 1000 BC (personal objects, pottery, new architectural forms and ideas) are interpreted as indications of significant political changes and the arrival of the Achaeans, the first Greek colonists of Kition. Around the same time, Phoenicians settled the area.

At the archaeological sites of Kiteon, remains that date from the 13th century BC have been found. Around 1000 BC, Kition was rebuilt by Phoenicians and it subsequently became a center of Phoenician culture. The remains of the sites include cyclopean walls and a complex of five temples and a naval port.

It was conquered in the first millennium BC by a series of great powers of the region. First by the Assyrian Empire, then by Egypt. Like most Cypriot cities, Kition belonged to the Persian or Achaemenid Empire. In 450 BC, the Athenian general Cimon died at sea, while militarily supporting the revolt against Persia's rule over Cyprus. On his deathbed, he urged his officers to conceal his death from both their allies and the Persians.

Strong earthquakes hit the city in 76 AD and the year after.

Earthquakes of 322 AD and 342 "caused the destruction not only of Kition but also of Salamis and Pafos". Kition's harbor silted up, and the population moved to the seafront farther south, sometime after this. (Contributing factors to the silting are thought to have been earthquakes, deforestation and overgrazing.)

The commercial port was located at Skala, during the Ottoman Period. Skala is the name of the seashore immediately south of the Larnaca castle—and its neighborhood. The city is sometimes colloquially referred to as "Skala" meaning "ladder" or "landing stage", referring to the historical port.

Arts

Larnaca has a theatre and an art gallery, which are operated by the municipality. The Cornaro Institute was a cultural centre founded by the celebrated Cypriot artist Stass Paraskos in the Old Town in 2007, which staged contemporary art exhibitions and other cultural events, prior to its closure by Larnaca Municipality in 2017.

Music

The Municipal Wind Orchestra

Local institutions include the Municipal Wind Orchestra.

Sports

Local teams include (football:) AEK Larnaca FC and ALKI Larnaca FC. Due to the Turkish occupation of Famagusta, the two teams of Famagusta, Anorthosis and Nea Salamina, are located here.

Local sports arenas include GSZ Stadium, "Antonis Papadopoulos", and "Ammochostos".

International competitions held in the city, include the Shooting Shotgun European Championships in 2012, the FIVB Beach Volleyball SWATCH Youth World Championship in 2012, the European Under-19 Football Championship final in 1998 and the European Under-17 Football Championship final in 1992.

Larnaca attracts windsurfers from around the world especially in autumn. Mackenzie Beach hosts windsurfing centre together with an extreme sports centre.

Festivals

Much of the activity is centered on the city promenade during the major festivals. The most important of these is Kataklysmos or the Festival of the Flood, celebrated in early summer with a series of cultural events. The festival used to last for about a week, but, in recent years, with the increased commercialism of peripheral stalls, rides and temporary lokmades restaurants, the festival has been extended to about three weeks, during which the seafront is closed to traffic in the evenings. Lokmades (or loukoumades) is a sweet delicacy.

Museums

Museums found in Larnaca include the Larnaca District Archaeological Museum, Pierides Museum and Kyriazis Medical Museum.

Cuisine

The beaches of Larnaca are lined with nearly identical seafood restaurants catering to tourists. Although there are many continental and international restaurants in Larnaca, visitors do not miss out on indulging in the local food. Many of the staple dishes involve beans, such as fasolaki (French beans cooked in red wine with lamb), and louvi me lahana (black-eyed beans with chard). Some of the standard appetizers are potato salad, kohlrabi salad, and hot grilled black olives. The next course may include Cyprus village sausage and sheftalia, dolmades and keftedes, kolokassi in tomato sauce, and several aubergine-based dishes. Baked or grilled lamb (souvla) usually appears somewhere in the course of dining, as does some kind of fish.

Street in Larnaca in 1878

Culture and history image
Apartments on Mackenzie Beach

Apartments on Mackenzie Beach

Larnaca
Price from 45.00
You can chose the apartment with one bedroom, two bedrooms and three bedrooms. The building is on th More info
The Palm Beach Hotel & Bungalows

The Palm Beach Hotel & Bungalows

Larnaca
Price from 85.00
This long-established and popular Hotel has been extensively renovated and upgraded recently and fea More info
Villa in Dhekelia (12538)

Villa in Dhekelia (12538)

Larnaca
This luxury 2 bedroom house is located in the prime location in Dhekelia Touristic area. Only 1 minu More info
Archaeological journey

Archaeological journey

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Fell the history and literally touch it in Cyprus is easy – ancient columns and ruins; myths, More info
Donkey Safari & Cyprus night

Donkey Safari & Cyprus night

Larnaca
All the ancient and beautiful traditions of life in Cyprus are perfectly preserved in the villages i More info
East Coast View Tour

East Coast View Tour

Larnaca, Agia Napa
Travel with us, see the beauty of the east coast of Cyprus from a front row seat! Join us in a half More info
Easter in Cyprus

Easter in Cyprus

Troodos Mountains, Larnaca, Agia Napa10 / 10
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Flights to Cyprus

Flights to Cyprus

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Flights from Russia to Cyprus (Larnaca, Paphos) Book your ticket by sending an inquiry in advance an More info
From West to East

From West to East

Larnaca, Limassol
The southern coast of Cyprus varies very much from east to west, from light sands to pebbles, from s More info
Historical tour (from Paphos)

Historical tour (from Paphos)

Larnaca, Nicosia
Retreating from Antiquity, widely and vividly represented in Paphos, you will plunge into even more More info
Relaxing, care, wellness and rehabilitation for Seniors

Relaxing, care, wellness and rehabilitation for Seniors

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We offer you the opportunity to Breathe in the fresh and healthy Mediterranean air, restore Strength More info
Shopping

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Larnaca, Limassol
The best boutiques and local shops will open their doors for you. World brands, unique products of l More info
Sightseeing tour Nicosia, Larnaca

Sightseeing tour Nicosia, Larnaca

Larnaca, Nicosia
Traveling to Larnaca and Nicosia is an opportunity to see the life of the local people and find out More info
Temples of Cyprus (without serpentine)

Temples of Cyprus (without serpentine)

Larnaca, Nicosia
It’s amazing how many churches and monasteries are here in Cyprus, and each of the temples  More info
SEA FISHING

SEA FISHING

We invite you to try your luck together with us! What can be more exciting than fishing? Combine two More info

Unfortunately there are no car rental offers at this location at the moment.