Since the North Pole was discovered in 1909 by Matthew Henson, Robert E. Peary and four Eskimo satellites, this place has attracted the attention of scientists, researchers, politicians and even ordinary tourists. We offer you to dive into the interesting facts about this magical and mysterious place.
- There are two different definitions of the North Pole. The first relates to the geomagnetic north pole, which moves daily and depends on the Earth’s magnetic field. The other belongs to the most famous geographic north pole, which is often called the top of the world.
- The highest temperature here is in July. It’s about 32ºF / 0ºC. Winter temperatures fall to -45ºF / -42ºC. As you can see, this is not the coldest place in the world. (for example, the average temperature at the South Pole in winter is -76ºF / -60ºC)
- Norway, like Alaska or any other country beyond the Arctic Circle, is experiencing six months of almost total darkness.
- You will not find land on either of the two North Poles – just sheets of ice on water.
- The North Pole does not belong to any country. Today, Denmark (through Greenland), Russia, Norway, Canada and the United States (via Alaska) claim the Arctic Circle. Which is not very surprising, since approximately 22% of natural gas and unused oil in the world are still trapped under this ice.
- “Unicorns of the Sea” – famous resident of the North Pole. Who is it? It’s narwhal — medium-toothed whale with a tusk length from 1.5 to 3.1 m. They live right in the waters around the Arctic Circle.
- There are no penguins at the North Pole, as they live at the South Pole. However, in addition to narwhals, you can see belugas, humpback whales and killer whales, as well as Svalbard reindeer and arctic fox. Moreover, the Arctic Circle is a great place to see powerful polar bears in their habitat.
How do you get to the North Pole today and is it possible at all? Yes, it is. And you don’t have to be a scientist or a researcher to get there. All you need is to join the expedition to the North Pole. If you are an adventure lover for whom geographic boundaries do not matter much, this is your chance to get to the top of the world!
Some of the facts was taken from puretravel